“There was no violence, no demand for dowry, no cruel in-laws, no negligence, no financial reasons, but no love either. We had no apparent reason to separate, neither was there any reason to stay together. We both found love in other streams of life, and we mutually decided to part ways.”

This was said to us by a young couple in mid-thirties, seeking mutual consent divorce and settlement of child custody, in the busy and bustling Delhi. They did not want to go for marriage counseling and work on the relationship but were determined to seek divorce and separation.

The point is that we receive a number of cases a Month where couples seek a mutual divorce, with the only reason being that they have lost their love and found it elsewhere, in other people. The mutual respect they have for is laudable, considering that they are separating. There is no quarrel, no complaints, no demands, they have parted emotionally and only need a legal sanction”.

  • Srijay, Business Development Executive, Legal Resolved


We see a new emerging trend wherein divorce is sought by couple who simply get tired of living with each other, and explore ways to bring love in life from other people, often leading to instances of infidelity and adultery. The catch is that both partners reach an amicable agreement between them and just need a lawyer to put it officially on paper. They do not complain or go for long drawn procedures in a contested divorce, no protracted false allegations, no dragging of entire family into false 498-A cases to inflict torture, no cooked up adultery stories against each other, but decide to separate peacefully. Though the rates of divorce have gone up, the settlement becomes easy because they do not play tug of war with the assets or their children; they reach terms for maintenance, alimony and child custody.


Though the rates of adultery and infidelity have shot up, a considerable number of cases are solely due to this and there is no violence or cruelty on the part of either party, and they do not level accusations or demands against each other. It is a contrast to the conventional divorce scenario where you find them unable to stand each other and looking for ways to make their side of the case stronger. We cannot judge anyone, and I find these young couples more sorted and thoughtful than the conventionally intelligent older generation that usually had their lawyers spice up their side of the divorce petition to manipulate maintenance and alimony, and seek child custody. Though infidelity and adultery brings on frowns and invites more judgments than a cruel husband or in-laws (which is still regarded normal in atleast some parts of the society), we have seem these couples display more brain and tolerance and practical insight in dealing with life, love and loss. A divorce minus the grudge and courtroom battle and ego and all the rest of the negativity is less of a worry than those women and men who silently suffer the partner’s physical/emotional torture and live with it for the sake of family and society.

These are rather just examples of two sane people, who ended up with the wrong partner and could not make it work together, but are practical in dealing with the truth and retain their mutual respect, able to think from the other person’s perspective. One wrong step does not end your life, and the moment you decide to correct and move on is the moment you take control and change your life.



Most of the cities that are tech-hubs of India also happen to top the charts in its share of divorce and separation, due to a number of reasons. We receive an odd 450 inquiries and clients every week, seeking mutual divorce or contested divorce and with queries on ancillary matters like alimony, child custody, terms of the settlement, etc.  Some of the instances reveal genuinely suffocating partners facing constant harassment and cruelty, but we also come across several cases of one spouse deliberately trapping the other in tyranny with vengeance and spite.

One sad case that came to us was a woman Akriti with two young children and had been practically deserted by her husband. They were married about 7 years back, and she was brought here from the small town she grew up in. Her husband Sam with was working in an IT company and showed little interest in family matters, but she was too naïve to react or retaliate. Eventually, he stopped giving any money and stopped coming home, and she was left alone to fend for the family. She being barely educated, unemployed, and clueless about future, came to us after having got nowhere with family negotiations. We were able to secure her divorce from him showing reasons for desertion and mental cruelty. He had also got involved with another woman, so the process was easy to seek a divorce. She and the children receive monthly maintenance and are now much better off.

On the contrary, we also came across a couple Parth and Lousie who got married after a scandalous love affair, against both their parents and after 6 months of cohabitation, decided to get divorced. It was all based on impulsive decisions, and once differences began to surface, they were rather interested in separating than sorting out. So they mutually decided to draw up a settlement and got a mutual divorce through us.

What we have felt from observing the trend of cases that come to us, is that most young couples are inclined towards parting ways rather than hanging on, and believe in peaceful lives alone than compromising together. It is sad that all major life decisions are based on spur-of-the-moment instincts in a large majority of youth today. But a large number of people also silently suffer torments and cruelty from their partners, clinging on to the norms of the sanctity of marriage. The irony of this!


Divorce has become a common phenomenon owing to the changes in the social balance and the dynamic change in the mindset of people who are unwilling to sacrifice a considerable part of their lives in adjusting to a partner they do not find themselves happy with.  The Higher level of education, awareness and independence of women in all strata of society has played a major in eliminating the ages old notion that they are destined to sacrifice and compromise, and not serve their significant half and his family as the purpose of their existence. Divorce lawyers all over India share experiences and stories of the requests and cases they receive from people seeking mutual divorce or contested divorce. It does not imply that it is only suffering women who seek divorce and separation from cruel husbands; the converse is also true and we come across numerous stories of men who suffer at the hands of manipulative and mistreating wives and families. An experienced divorce lawyer in Bangalore once told us that what matters, in the end, is that one partner is dominant and the other is all-enduring, and the latter eventually moves for a legal separation when they decide they have had enough. The times have changed and more people come out with their experiences now, which is indeed appreciable as it gives the requisite strength to more weak partners to speak up against abusive/exploitative marriages and fight for their rights. However, not all divorce cases are due to abuse and cruelty, says Adv. Arvind from Bangalore, “many couples in tech-cities are simply tired of each other and approach us for mutual divorce. They do not have time for personal life, and got married simply because that is how the society works. But then life happened, and the society cannot come live your life”. Marriage Counselor Mr. Anubhav from Delhi says, “This is precisely why people should think and decide on what they want in life, before jumping into a decision simply because that is what everyone else does and that is expected of you too. Divorce becomes an unnecessary tedious exercise if you could have just given it forethought and realized that married life is not a feasible option for you.” While mutual divorce takes comparatively less time and the process is less painful, contested divorce is a different story oftentimes. When one partner seeks divorce for reasons like adultery, cruelty or desertion, the other party naturally defends his/her part and it leads to false allegations and dirt-hurling in the Courtroom. Since contested divorce can be granted only on the grounds listed under the specific Act, couples seeking divorce try to manipulate and distort the facts to bring matters within one of the listed ground by hook or by crook. The despair gets the better of them, and then there is no stone unturned in getting that divorce.


Divorce: Mutual and contested

According to the lawful definition the Mutual divorce is a kind of separation in which both of the life partner chooses to separate the other, without the assent of the other life partner. In such cases, the life partners are in coordinate clash with each other, either in regards to the terms of separation or because of one of the many grounds of separation.


In a challenged separate, the court after being drawn nearer, hears both the gatherings, conducts procedures and settles on different debate identified with the separation like tyke authority, upkeep, division of benefits, and so forth. The court assumes the chief part to enable the miserably wedded couple to touch base at an answer by either dissolving the marriage or by guiding the couple to settle their grievances through a middle person. The time allotment for which a challenged separate proceeds isn’t sure. The case can conceivably go on uncertainly and for the most part stretches out for a time of four to six years.


  • Infidelity
  • A demonstration of sex between a wedded man and a lady wedded to another man.
  • Aggressive behavior at home
  • A demonstration of incurring agony and damage by the spouse as well as his family, to his better half.
  • Remorselessness
  • A demonstration of making mental or physical mischief a life partner which puts their life in risk.
  • Share



Separation through Mutual Consent: When both the gatherings i.e., the couple commonly consent to acquire a separation, the courts will give a pronouncement for separate with shared assent. The couple ought to demonstrate that they have been isolated for over a year and that they have been not able live respectively. The principle normal for a separation through shared assent is that issues, for example, youngsters’ authority, upkeep and property rights could be consented to commonly. On the off chance that the courts trust that there is a possibility of compromise among the gatherings then it will arrange a span of 6 to year and a half between the date the separation appeal to is recorded and the separation declare is articulated. Note that living independently does not really mean living in various areas; the couple just needs to give that they have not been living as husband and spouse amid this day and age.


Section13B of the Hindu Marriage Act, 1955 talks about common separation. Separation through common assent is moderately reasonable and faster than a challenged separate.


Withdrawal of Consent: Consent given for separate by ‘common assent’ can be pulled back by either the spouse or the husband even after the expiry of the stipulated 18-month time frame and in such cases, an announcement for separation won’t be allowed.


Challenged Divorce: In instance of a challenged separate, there are particular grounds recorded under Section 13 of the Hindu Marriage Act, 1955 on which the request of can be submitted. The couple are in a contention while deciding on a challenged separate. As a general rule, matters, for example, kid authority, support and so on are a long way from determination. There are 11 reason for separate accessible to both the couple under the law, out of which 5 select grounds are accessible to the spouse against her better half. These grounds are-

  1. Mercilessness
  2. Infidelity
  3. Renunciation
  4. Transformation
  5. Mental Disorder
  6. Transferable Disease
  7. Renunciation of the World
  8. Assumption of Death


In the event that the companion has not been known about as being alive for a time of no less than seven years, by such people who might have caught wind of such life partner, in the event that he or she were alive, at that point the life partner who is alive can get a legal pronouncement of separation.


Components considered amid a separation: There are three angles with respect to which a couple need to achieve an agreement. One is divorce settlement or support issues. According to law, there is no base or most extreme point of confinement of help. It could be any figure or no figure. The second thought is authority of the kid. This must essentially be worked out between the gatherings, as it is definitely what requires the best measure of time in separate without common assent. Kid care in a common assent separation can likewise be shared or joint or elite relying on the comprehension of the life partners. The third is property. The couple must choose who gets what part of the together held property or wedding home. This incorporates both versatile and unfaltering property. Directly down to the financial balances, everything must be partitioned. It isn’t vital for it to be reasonable, inasmuch as it is consented to by the two gatherings.


Cost of a divorce: Court charges for recording a separation are low; the cost of a separation is principally in the expenses you pay your legal advisor. Legal counselors tend to charge expenses for showing up in court and doing some other work. Contingent upon how seriously it is battled, in this manner, a separation may cost anyplace from the low ten thousand to lakhs of rupees.



Withdrawal of Divorce Petition: Withdrawing a request of for separate is one of the simplest activities, and the law does whatever it can to urge couples to accommodate. The gatherings can essentially record an application to pull back the separation case in the family court. A guide meets with the couple to reconfirm their choice face to face to secure them and furthermore to guarantee that are intentionally and enthusiastically pulling back the appeal. The advisor’s report is then sent to the judge who can pass his or her judgment/announce around the same time. Regardless of the possibility that the gatherings don’t have a date in the court, their legal counselor can ask for the issue to be heard.



At that point this article plans to disclose to you seven key viewpoints that you should consider over before recording your separation appeal to under Hindu Marriage Act, 1955. Key Aspects you should take watch over separation


  1. Property: On the off chance that you and your mate together claim properties and you are wanting to petition for a separation then you ought to commonly isolate the offers in the properties or choose what should be possible before petitioning for separate in the family court, you can decide on following choices also:
  2. Offer and move out: Offer the property and offer the returns in light of individual value. On the off chance that you have an exceptional advance on the property, that should be first paid off or deducted from the returns.
  3. House held by one life partner: On the off chance that one of you will hold the property, the individual who holds it would buyout be able to the next individual’s offer on the premise of its reasonable worth.


  1. House remains a joint property: Conceding deal/exchange of property held mutually bodes well on the off chance that you need to limit the expense suggestions and advantage from any appreciation. Do have the liabilities and claims appropriately drafted in your detachment assentation identified with the joint properties you possess mutually.


  1. Bank: On the off chance that you both together possess a financial balance, at that point before petitioning for separate you should isolate your ledgers or else you ought to get a request from court for solidifying the financial balance with the goal that it can’t be worked while the procedures in the court is going or any settlement is accomplished by the gatherings. In the event that any advance or EMI’s is paid through the shared services then the cash ought to be separated contemplating the premium paid.


  1. Child Custody: On the off chance that you and your life partner have kids at that point if the youngster is beneath 12 years old the kid’s guardianship is typically given to the mother though you and your companion can commonly choose who will have the care and if not then court will settle on the deciding element which is: ‘The first and principal thought is the welfare and enthusiasm of the youngster and not the privileges of the guardians under a legitimate demonstration’ ‘sex balance is one of the fundamental standards of our Constitution, and, along these lines, the father by reason of a prevailing identity can’t be credited to have a special directly finished the mother in the matter of guardianship since both fall inside a similar class ‘ Since the mother is the favored custodial parent when the tyke is of young age, a non-working mother won’t be precluded and the gaining father will be made a request to give kid bolster.


Once a kid achieves a perceivable age, authority and access issues are chosen according to her/his desires, and the conviction that the father will have uncontested right isn’t right and uprooted.

  1. Alimony: Provision is a kind of fiscal remuneration allowed to the companion who can’t bolster himself/herself by the other mate amid or after the separation continuing. You and your mate can commonly choose the provision and in the event that you both differ then you can take the issue for intervention and pacification (is a strategy for outside court settlement) and from there on to the court to get the coveted result.

Following parameters are thought about while deciding the provision:

In the event that Wife is acquiring: Court investigates spouse’s budgetary status. On the off chance that his pay is high, spouse will get some provision. On the off chance that Wife isn’t procuring: Wife will get provision that enables her to keep up a way of life that is like that of her significant other. In the event that Wife remarries: Wife won’t get anything. Spouse should keep on paying for kids, assuming any. In the event that Husband is incapacitated and unfit to gain: Wife can be made a request to pay support.



  1. Ventures: In the event that you and your mate have purchased together possessed resources and assets from the securities showcase then you can offer the benefits and subsidizes or you can sit tight for the assets to respect get positive turnouts and on the off chance that you both can’t concur on a similar point then you can go for court settlement. A few elements to be mulled over by the court while deciding are:
  • The day and age of the marriage.
  • The pay or property brought into the marriage by every life partner.
  • The way of life set up amid the marriage.
  • The age and physical/enthusiastic strength of every mate.
  • The pay and gaining capability of every life partner.
  • The monetary circumstance of every life partner when the separation is finished.
  • The commitment of a companion to the instruction, preparing or procuring energy of the other.
  • The requirements of the custodial parent to keep up the way of life for the kids.


  1. Documentation: In the wake of touching base at a comprehension on the most proficient method to share resources, liabilities and parental duties, place everything in high contrast. You should illuminate the court about the settlement while applying for a separation.


Reports required for recording a separation appeal:


  • Marriage endorsement.
  • Address verification of spouse.
  • Address verification of spouse.
  • Address verification of marital house.
  • Compensation Slips of the companions who are working.
  • Ledger subtle elements
  • Reports of properties, resources and speculation claimed mutually by the life partners.
  • Other confirmation or medicinal authentications according to the ground on which the separation is recorded.


  1. Counsel a legal counselor:


Timetable a meeting with a specialist separate attorney. With the goal that you can examine all circumstances and conditions and pay special mind to wanted results through the procedure. Regardless of the possibility that you wind up speaking to yourself, a one-hour interview with a legal counselor will enable you to plan better.

  • Here are a few hints previously you settle your discussion: Make list objectives and wanted result and talk about it.
  • Keep all your documentation of your advantages and obligations purchased mutually.
  • Prepare your inquiries list that is particular to your circumstance and ask the legal counselor.


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These aides are not lawful counsel, nor a substitute for a legal advisor.




If not all of us remember Aruna Shanbaug’s case, a fair proportion would certainly recall the Hrithik-Aishwarya starrer Bollywood movie Guzarish that spoke of the same issue in a backdrop of romance – the right of a terminally ill person to choose a dignified death. Public opinion has always been divided on the topic, and nothing with any semblance of a consensus could be reached despite continuous debates and discussions. A fair portion of the population accepts and supports a person’s right to choose to die, while another part of the majority speaks against it for reasons of religion, chances of abuse, morality and ethics. The matter came up before the Supreme Court in the case of Aruna Shanbaug in 2011, wherein the Court laid down detailed guidelines on passive euthanasia, while accepting to some extent that in some scenarios death is more dignified than an artificially prolonged life.

While the idea of active euthanasia seems too far a prospect for the Indian social scenario, the Supreme Court has recently indicated that it might recognize the execution of ‘living will’ in cases of passive euthanasia, as right to die peacefully is part of fundamental right to life under Article 21 of the Constitution. The matter came up in the case of a petition submitted by a terminally ill patient before the Court, and the verdict has been reserved by a five-judge Bench comprising of J. Dipak Mishra, which will play a major role in redefining the bounds of Right to Life. The verdict would have ripples of effect on social and legal angles, with a large majority of terminally ill people being given a chance at ending the pain; while the scope of right to life would be broadened further to include the Right to Die. The IPC still considers it an offence to attempt to commit suicide, but the recognition of living will to opt for passive euthanasia will afford some power to people to decide on their life or death. The risk of potential misuse of living will still persists especially in the case of mentally unstable persons and elderly people, who may be falsely induced into writing one, by unscrupulous kin who are to benefit from the death of the concerned person. A living will is a written document that allows a patient to give explicit instructions in advance about the medical treatment to be administered when he or she is terminally ill or no longer able to express informed consent. In effect, it allows a person to state that he must not be put on life-support or medication if he is found terminally ill or in comatose stage, thus speeding up the natural course of death without actively administering any lethal drug.

The Govt. which contested the matter took a stand against the acceptance of living will, expressing their concern on potential abuse of the provision, but the Court stated that “Right to Life does not mean right to die but a dignified life would certainly include right to die with dignity”. The Court would certainly not compromise on ensuring that all safeguards are in place to prevent possible abuse, even if the concept of living will is accepted in the verdict. The requirement under the previously set Guidelines regarding the declaration of a Medical Board in respect to irreversible comatose state of the person will be kept as a pre-requisite before the living will comes into consideration.

The Court’s verdict will undoubtedly have long-reaching effects, and it is expected to be in consonance with the landmark privacy decision that was pronounced by the Court recently, declaring privacy as a fundamental right. It is pertinent to note that the decision to choose dignified death over a prolonged life of pain and suffering could also be brought under the ambit of privacy.



RapeAbuseThe Supreme Court has finally decided that rape of a minor cannot be condoned for the mere reason that the girl was married to the man who had intercourse with her. As bizarre as the act sounds, it was so far exempted under the IPC S.375 Exception 2, and the liberty that was afforded to husbands of minor girls to have forcible sex under the pretext of marital intercourse is no more valid. This While marital rape itself is not “rape” under Indian law, and while child marriages are illegal; the impugned provision of the IPC granted liberty to the husband of a married minor girl to force her into intercourse irrespective of her consent, and still not be booked under ‘rape’. This anomaly created a grey area in the law of rape with respect to varying contexts and circumstances – consensual sexual intercourse with a minor is “rape” under the law; and child marriage is a punishable offence; but marital rape itself is not Rape; and if a man is married to minor girl, his forcible intercourse with her is exempted from being ‘rape’ just for this reason. This unfair and unjust provision was struck down by the Court in a landmark decision yesterday, wherein the Exception 2 to S.375 was taken down so that marriage to a minor does not give a silent consent to men to force their minor wives into intercourse. The Exception that now stands removed had caused anomaly in the question of forced sex by husband with married girls between 15-18 years, since the lower limit stated in the Exception was 15years of age, while the age of minority in S.375 itself is 18. The POCSO Act, on the other hand, does not differentiate victims on the arbitrary basis of marriage. The Court’s verdict ended the decades-old disparity between Exception 2 to Section 375 IPC and other child protection laws.

The decision was delivered by Bench of Justices Madan B. Lokur and Deepak Gupta, who stated that “a child remains a child whether she is a married child or an unmarried child or a divorced child or a separated or widowed child.” The move is laudable as it goes a long way to ensure protection of children, minimizing exploitation, and would have a great effect on curbing child marriages as well. The Court also stated that the provision “created an unnecessary and artificial distinction between a married girl child and an unmarried girl child” and “took away the right of a girl child to bodily integrity and reproductive choice”.

One major question that is still left unanswered is the issue of marital rape, as the Court refused to comment on the matter of forced sexual intercourse by husbands with wives above 18 years.